Shri Guru Granth Sahib Foundation of Anaheim, CA a founding member of the American Sikh Council has just published a fascinating book on the monumental sacrifices made by the ‘Sikh Gadarites’ in America in the early part of the last century. The Sikh Gadar Lehar 1907-19018, a 582 page (ISBN-13: 978-0986298790 ISBN-10: 0986298794). You can buy book from Amazon here.
Cover shows two historical Gurdwaras built 1908 Vancouver B.C. and 1912 Stockton CA, birth places of Gadar movement of Sikhs against British colonialism. Prof Teja Singh raised community consciousness. The Gadari Babeys took inspiration from Sikh Ideology and history of Sikh armed revolution. More than 85% percent participants were male Sikhs. Movement did not involve repudiation of their religious faith; instead their faith strengthened their involvement. Sir. Michael O’dwyer lieutenant governor of Punjab in 1912 -1919 in his book Calls it ‘Sikh Gadar Conspiracy’. Gadar Party truly a Sikh led organization as “The Gadar Directory” published by British in 1917 and updated in 1934 shows list of 616 names out of which 527 were Sikhs, 54 Hindus and 35 Muslims. Canadian Government Archrivals shows out of total of 376 Komagata Maru passengers in 1914, 340 were Sikhs, 24 Muslims and 12 Hindus. Across world 35 Sikh preachers and 25 Gurudwaras participated in movement. Between1907-1918 true Sikh religious conscience was the guiding force. From 1905- 1913 in Europe, Shyamaji Krishna Varma’s Arya Samaj thought, Veer Savarkar Abhinava Bharat’s thought and Bhikaiji Cama and Sardar Singh Rana’s Social Democratic could not produce any international mass movement of Independence as compared to this North American west coast movement finally executed thru Sikh Inspiration. Literature produced by Indian National historians has suppressed the role of Sikh ideology, Sikh Gurdwaras, Sikh priests, Prof Teja Singh and relations of the Gadari Babas with the Sikh League, SGPC & Sri Akal Takhat and their participation in Sikh affairs.