Sikh sovereignty is either unknown or accidentally discussed by the historians. This is because the present rulers of India in particular and historians in general have regarded the Sikhs as a denomination of the Hindus. The British Empire transferred power to the unelected upper caste Hindus, who had been ‘subservient’ to the Afghans, Mughals, Sikhs, British, Portuguese, etc., for more than a millennia.
Blessed by the 10th Master, Guru Gobind Singh Sahib, General Banda Singh Bahadur established the first sovereign kingdom from 1608 – 1616. Between 1616 and 1799, there was incredible turbulence. During this period, the Sikhs fought for survival from the Mughals rulers trying to establish a sovereign country, but were finally able to rule under Maharaja Ranjit Singh, from 1799 to March 29, 1849.
The Sikhs were forced to surrender their Sovereignty to the British Empire when the Punjab of Maharaja Ranjit Singh was ‘annexed’ to the British Empire on March 29, 1849. A segment of the Sikhs, who did not accept the British Empire’s ‘annexation’, continued their struggle to regain sovereignty. In fact, the ‘Mutiny of 1857’ was only a violent protest against the use of beef tallow in the usage of cartridge grease by Hindu soldiers serving in the Indo-British Army and not an act for freedom.
It is noteworthy that the Sikhs of Guru Nanak Sahib to Guru Gobind Singh Sahib have never been ‘subservient’ to any political power. It must be stated that the Sikhs of Punjab, have never signed, accepted or endorsed the ‘Constitution of India’.
The authors Dr.Awatar Singh Sekhon and Dr.Harjinder Singh Dilgeer, each have several academic books to their credit, all concerning the history and political struggles of the Sikhs. The current book is an updated edition with an additional chapter covering recent events.
The book is available on https://www.amazon.com/dp/098680374X/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1492701109&sr=1-1